Asian financial crisis that began in the late the 1990s ( for temporary ) destructive indonesian economic development and the cause of unemployment in indonesia increasing to 20 and the labor which is to be worked below the level of its ability ( underemployment ) also rose .Some great labor that has lost jobs in urban areas move to rural areas and join the informal sector ( especially in agriculture ) . Although indonesia has experienced growth macro a strong economy in recent years and it appears that the indonesia have been recovered from crisis in the end of 1990s that , informal sector this both in the kota and village – until now still have a huge role in indonesian economy .Although a little difficult to to count for sure , it is estimated that approximately 55 to 65 percent work in indonesia is the work of the informal .At present is around 80 percent of work informal that concentrated in rural areas , especially in the construction sector and agriculture .
Macro economic growth strong enough for more than a decade in with small plots of land has been able to to reduce unemployment in indonesia .But , to about two million indonesia population who every year plunge into the world of work , is a huge challenge for the indonesian government to stimulate the creation of new job land that labor market able to absorb the work seekers every year increase; unemployed young ( mostly are those who new graduated from college ) is one key concern and need the the act of rapid.
By the total number of nearby residents 250 million people, indonesia is country of most populous four in the world ( after china, india and the united states ).Next, this country also has a population of the young because about half of the population indonesia was under 30 years of age.If two factors above combined, as can be seen from is indonesia are countries which having the power great labor, that would evolve become larger again to front.
Indonesian migrant workers :
The table below shows unemployment in indonesia in the last few years .The table showed that the decrease in occurring in slowly and sustainable , especially unemployment woman .Unemployment woman reduced drastically , even begin to nearly to the unemployment man .Nevertheless , problems equation gender , as in other countries , still an important issue in indonesia .Although there are progress in some of the sectors the as education and health ) , women still tended to work in the field of informal ( twice as much of a man ) , did work a low rate and paid lower than man who working in the same job .
(% of the total labor)
(% Of the total labor man)
(% Of the total labor woman)
Source: The world bank and the central bureau of statistics
One characteristic of indonesia is that unemployment high faced by labor young age 15 to 24 years, is higher than to the average national unemployment.Students who has recently graduated from from the university and students vocational school and medium experienced difficulty found a job in national labor market.Almost half of the total number of labor in indonesia is only having a primary school certificate just.The higher education the lower their participation in strength of indonesian migrant workers.Nevertheless in the last few years changes trend: share holders education certificates high the bigger, and share holders basic education certificates have decreased.
|Unemployment Young Man
(The percentage of the labor man
|Pengangguran Muda Wanita
(The percentage of the labor woman
Source: World Bank
Indonesian to English (powered by Sederet)
|Wholesale , retailers , restaurant and hotel||23.2||23.6||24.1||25.8|
|Community service , social and personal||17.0||17.4||18.5||18.5|
|The manufacturing industry||13.7||15.6||15.0||15.4|
Source: central statistics agency
Work susceptible ( of labor that which remains unpaid and businessmen ) good for men and women the figures were higher in indonesia than in the industrialized world or other developing .In one this last decade was recorded at approximately sixty percent for men indonesia and seventy percent for women .A lot of that is ‘ rentan’ workers are those who work in the informal sector .
Source : Indonesia investments